Customs Considerations When Exporting to Uruguay

Mufaddal K.

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Manufacturers looking to export their products abroad need to consider various factors when evaluating export markets.  One of those factors is the customs clearance infrastructure and processes within a given country.  This article presents an overview of the time and cost it takes for a local partner to clear imported products through customs in Uruguay.  This overview, along with a regional comparison, should help you better qualify Uruguay as an export market for your products.



Country Overview


Uruguay is located within the Latin America & Caribbean region.  It has a population of roughly 3 million people as of 2018.  95% of the population lives in urban areas.  The World Bank categorizes it as a high income country with a GDP per capita (PPP) of USD$22400 per person.



Regional Comparison


The "World Bank's Doing Business project" publishes an evaluation of countries based on their efficiency of cross border trade.  When assessing import efficiency within a country it primarily reviews four factors:


1.  The time for border compliance (imports):  Compliance time associated with the country's customs regulations, inspections and handling that takes place at its port or border.  Assumes a US$50,000 imported shipment of auto parts weighing 15 tons for calculation purposes.


2.  The cost of border compliance (imports):  Compliance cost associated with the country's customs regulations, inspections and handling that takes place at its port or border.  Assumes a US$50,000 imported shipment of auto parts weighing 15 tons for calculation purposes.


3.  The time for document compliance (imports):  The time for obtaining documents, preparing documents, processing documents, presenting documents and submitting documents.  Assumes a US$50,000 imported shipment of auto parts weighing 15 tons for calculation purposes.


4.  The cost of document compliance (imports):  The cost for obtaining documents, preparing documents, processing documents, presenting documents and submitting documents.  Assumes a US$50,000 imported shipment of auto parts weighing 15 tons for calculation purposes.



When evaluating border compliance time and cost amongst major regional economies, Uruguay ranks 2nd regionally in terms of border compliance time and 5th regionally in terms of border compliance cost.  A US$50,000 imported shipment of auto parts would take 6 hours to clear border customs and cost roughly US$375.


Country    Border Compliance Time (Hours)    Border Compliance Cost (USD)   
Cuba 0 $0
El Salvador 36 $128
Chile 54 $290
Bolivia 114 $315
Uruguay 6 $375
Nicaragua 72 $400
Guatemala 72 $405
Costa Rica 80 $420
Mexico 44 $450
Honduras 96 $483
Panama 24 $490
Colombia 112 $545
Dominican Republic 24 $579
Peru 72 $583
Jamaica 80 $906
Brazil 63 $970
Argentina 60 $1200


When evaluating document compliance time and cost amongst major regional economies, Uruguay ranks 13th regionally in terms of document compliance time and 17th regionally in terms of document compliance cost.  A US$50,000 imported shipment of auto parts would take 72 hours in Uruguay to have documents prepared & cleared and would cost roughly US$285.


Country    Document Compliance Time (Hours)    Document Compliance Cost (USD)   
Cuba 1 $0
Bolivia 72 $30
Dominican Republic 14 $40
Chile 36 $50
Panama 6 $50
Colombia 64 $50
El Salvador 13 $67
Honduras 72 $70
Costa Rica 26 $75
Peru 72 $80
Nicaragua 16 $86
Jamaica 56 $90
Mexico 18 $100
Brazil 48 $107
Argentina 192 $120
Guatemala 32 $140
Uruguay 72 $285


Detail for Border Compliance Time and Cost


Border compliance time and cost are calculated as a function of three driving factors: the time/cost related to working with customs authorities, the time/cost related to working with other agencies and finally border handling time/cost.  The border compliance cost for Uruguay is primarily driven by working with custom authorities.


Montevideo Overview:


Detail Type    Time (Hours)    Cost (USD)   
Working with Custom Authorities 6 $375
Working with Other Agencies 0 $0
Border Handling 6 $0


Detail of Document Compliance Time and Cost


Document compliance time and cost is a function of the various documents required by the country when importing goods.  For Montevideo, the documents required when importing goods from abroad include Certificate of Origin, Commercial Invoice, Customs Import Declaration (Documento Único Aduanero), Packing list, Road Transport Document/ Carta de Porte and Technical Standards.



Transportation Costs


Another factor that influences import trade efficiency is transportation costs.  For shipments bound to Montevideo, the port where goods would most likely land would be Rio Branco border crossing.  When calculating transportation cost for the US$50,000 auto parts shipment, the World Bank calculates that the shipment that would land at Rio Branco border crossing would need to be transported 420 km with an average travel time of 12 hours.  This brings the delivery transportation cost for the shipment to roughly US$1175.



Infrastructure Digitization


Greater use of technology within the customs clearance process helps improve efficiency and lower time and cost associated with customs clearance.  Today many countries use digital systems to streamline the customs clearance process.  Many of these customs systems are known as EDI or Electronic Data Interchange systems.  More recently however, there has been a push to develop even more integrated customs clearance systems known as SW or single window systems.  These systems provide greater integration within a given country and between multiple countries when managing customs clearance.



Uruguay does have an EDI system known as LUCIA system.  It also has an SW system being built known as Ventanilla Única de Comercio Exterior (VUCE).  More information about this new system can be found at http://vuce.gub.uy/.